Activated charcoal powder in a wooden spoon.

Charcoal becomes “activated charcoal” when it is exposed to high temperatures and combined with a gas or an activating agent, expanding its surface area. The resulting porous material “adsorbs” impurities from it...

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A woman with mint leaves on her tongue: fresh breath after getting rid of chronic bad breath.

Halitosis, commonly known as chronic bad breath, affects millions of Americans.  It's a prevalent but quite embarrassing condition--and despite the various claims of mouthwashes, chewing gums, and sprays, it has no perm...

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A graphic that depicts increasing calcium levels in teeth for good enamel health.

Saliva plays an unbelievable role in maintaining oral and enamel health. We discussed a role of saliva in previous newsletters on acid-base balance in the mouth and other articles in the section "Tooth Damage and All Abo...

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The molecular structure of methamphetamine.

Methamphetamine, colloquially known as meth, speed, ice, glass, and crystal, is a notoriously dangerous drug that is not only highly addictive, but extremely detrimental to your physical, and especially oral, health.  W...

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A view from inside the mouth. A dentist is checking the gums before the LANAP procedure and using stem cells for healing.

The Laser Assisted New Attachment Procedure or LANAP was invented in 1994. This procedure is the minimally invasive laser surgical approach for the treatment of advanced gum disease. It was thought to be just as effectiv...

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Summer drinks: A glass of cola, which can cause tooth erosion.

As the summer time approaches, the temperature goes up. There is no better time to grab a nice cold soda, fruit juice, lemon aid or a wine spritzer. But be careful, many of these summer drinks can be harmful to the teeth...

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Happy millennials smiling at camera outside on campus at the university.

As today’s young adults, sometimes called “millennials” and “Generation Y,” enter their 20s and 30s, they may be faced with dental issues. These issues might not have concerned millennials in their youth and t...

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Dentist examining a patients teeth for periodontal disease.

While we might not be aware of it, most adults in the United States have some form of periodontal disease. Gum diseases like periodontitis and gingivitis often begin to show up in adults in their 30's and 40's. Without r...

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A young man with Sjögren’s syndrome drinking a lot of water.

Xerostomia is the clinical term for dry mouth, a condition that affects between 10 and 30% of people.  Despite its prevalence, research shows that the symptoms of dry mouth are often overlooked by patients and general d...

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An attractive thirty-something female drinks water to combat xerostomia.

Xerostomia, or dry mouth, affects nearly a quarter of the population. It’s caused by hyposalivation - when the body doesn’t produce enough saliva. Because healthy salivary production has a biologically antiseptic ef...

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The stages of periodontitis, which dentist are trying to cure.

Why haven’t we been able to achieve the same results in human clinical studies, since the same materials are available for use in humans? One key difference between humans and beagle dogs is the amount and shape of the...

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Gingivitis and Periodontitis

Some surgical procedures used in periodontics are aimed at regeneration of lost tissue and bone. Regeneration has been successfully done in other disciplines besides dentistry. Examples include injecting chondrocytes in ...

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A man lifting weights a the gym, which can cause bruxing.

When it comes to the negative side-effects of sports and athletic activity, we usually think of sore muscles and overuse injuries. Hyperextensions, shin splints, tendonitis – they’re all fairly common. But the adver...

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Portrait of young attractive sportsman running outside.

Even if you take great care of your teeth and have excellent oral hygiene, there are several things that are good for the rest of your body, but can actually harm your teeth. One of them includes exercise and strenuou...

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A young woman who is experiencing teeth sensitivity.

Maintaining good, consistent oral hygiene is the best way to preserve your natural teeth.  Brushing and flossing daily will prevent microbial biofilm overgrowth. Biofilm overgrowth is often a breeding ground for bacteri...

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Dentist examining a patients teeth in the dentists chair with assistant and talking about a cure for periodontitis.

Growth factors are naturally occurring proteins in nature. Often, they are used as a cure for periodontitis. These proteins help the body to grow during normal growth and development, wound healing, and tissue repair. So...

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Surface caries.Deep caries Pulpitis Periodontitis.

Everyone agrees that the ultimate goal of periodontal therapy is to cure periodontitis. But what does a ‘cure’ mean? The dictionary defines a cure as “the act of relieving someone of the symptoms of a disease or co...

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A diagram of a pH scale, showing the acid-base balance.

In our last post, we discussed the role of saliva in our body. In reference to teeth, enamel is the hardest structure of our body. Enamel protects the teeth’s underlying dentinal structure and nerve cavity. Bacterial a...

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Casual woman smiling at camera on a sunny day in the countryside because of the saliva in her mouth.

The mouth is vulnerable to the outside world. It is believed to be the most challenging part of our body to protect against bacteria. Fortunately, it has amazing defense mechanisms to protect us. If fact, one of these me...

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A happy young woman is about to demonstrate how to brush your teeth.

Many professionals recommended that you brush your teeth at least twice a day – in the morning and the evening, before going to bed. It has been this way for a long time. Some people even believe that is best to brush ...

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A closeup of a women brushing her teeth with an electric toothbrush.

At a very young age, we learn from our parents how to use a toothbrush. It is also recommended that our parents take us to our first dental visit by the time we are a year old. There, your dentist can give guidance and m...

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Electric Toothbrush cleaning false teeth.

Bacteria tends to build on our teeth all the time. All it takes is a single bacterium to adhere to the teeth and build colonies that create mature populations. The effects of this are harmful to the teeth and gums. With ...

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Several methods for cleaning your teeth, such as the Sonicare AirFloss.

Removing dental plaque plays a key role maintaining oral health. When it comes to achieving this, there is conflicting evidence. The relative merits of both manual, powered toothbrushes, and other methods such as the Son...

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A graphic illustration of several dental tools.

Last week, we discussed the proper techniques for brushing your teeth and removing oral biofilm. This is an essential part of oral hygiene and the prevention of oral diseases such as cavities (tooth decay) and gum diseas...

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A mother and daughter showing off the proper techniques for brushing your teeth.

Brushing your teeth plays a key role maintaining oral health by removing dental plaque and biofilm. Bacteria populates the surfaces of our teeth all the time. As time goes by, a single bacterium adhering to a tooth’s s...

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A closeup of healthy teeth and gum pockets.

The area where the tooth meets the gum forms a pocket known as a gingival sulcus. In healthy patients, these gum pockets or spaces are about 1-3 mm each. When brushing or flossing, look in the mirror. You’ll notice how...

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The view from inside a mouth as a dentist is checking to see if a patient needs a dental implant restoration.

Your dentist has just informed about a dental implant restoration, such as crown or bridge. However, it’s important to know what type you are getting. In single unit case, where only one tooth is replaced, there are tw...

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A 3D illustration of a dental implant being inserted into mouth.

Whenever a tooth is missing, one should think about whether or not to replace it. In a situation like this, there are usually two options: bridge or implant. Both have their advantages and disadvantages, but we prefer th...

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A diagram of the LANAP procedure.

We recommend laser gum surgery over traditional methods. The Nd: YAG laser is an improvement over classic osseous surgery. In fact, the Nd: YAG laser is used in the LANAP ® protocol, a breakthrough alternative treatment...

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A businessman with a toothache from gum disease.

Over 50 percent of US adults have gum disease, yet only 3 percent accept treatment. The impact of untreated gum disease goes well beyond the mouth. It is linked to heart disease, diabetes, stroke, and certain cancers. No...

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